Chapter 3. New ethnoses.
Considering the supposition on
supernova stars impact on our history we shall analyze the circumstances
of central Solar Eclipses in the years of supernova star flashes with
the aim to reveal the coincidences of Moonís shadow trajectory with
the axes of passionary drives. We shall question the year of flash
itself and the next after it, as a supernova star radiates inten-sively
within the period up to two years. We shall take into consideration
our supposition that the dates of supernova star flashes are indicated
with errors, growing as the chronological dates of flashes disappear
into the heart of centuries.
In the first part of our investigation we analyzed supernova star
flashes, limited by time period of passionary drive, already examined
by L. N. Gumilev for our era, e. i. since 1-13 centuries.
We shall turn back to these centuries, and so far letís consider the
statement on supernova stars of the years 1604 and 1572.
Investigations of Solar Eclipses within these periods gave interesting
results concerning the discovery of possible new passionary drives.
A su-pernova star of 1604 A. D. went down in history as a supernova
star of Kepler and was noticed on 9th October in Ophiuchus constellation.
Within the period of 1604-1605 A. D. there were the following Cen-tral
1. 29 April 1604.
2. 22 October 1604.
3. 18 April 1605.
4. 12 October 1605.
Letís analyze the circumstances
of these Solar Eclipses.
1. Eclipse dd. 29 April 1604 A. D. Ė central, circular, the greatest
phase Ė 0,936. Moonís shadow trajectory went over the Southern Africa,
the Indian Ocean, Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, Kampuchea, Vietnam and
the southern part of the Philippine.
At that time Ophiuchus constellation was outside the horizon and a
supernova star was not visible. There might have been no supernova
star flash at all, taking into account that it was noticed on the
9th of October.
That is why this Eclipse does not interest us.
2. Eclipse dd. 22 October 1604, on the contrary, is very important
for us, to make a supposition on new passionary drive.
This Eclipse was central, full and the greatest phase Ė 1.038. Ser-pantinecarrier
constellation and the supernova star are clearly seen in the regions
of Moonís shadow (at the moment of Eclipse).
Moonís trajectory went over the Pacific Ocean, Peru and Brazil.
Taking into consideration the
possible incubation period, about 150 years, that L. N. Gumilev spoke
of, we can suppose theoretically the be-ginning of ethnogenesis explosion
to be in the middle of 18 centure.
Is there any information in history on social shocks in this region?
Yes, there is. It is a War for Independence of Spanish colonies of
Passionary tension was a significant one.
"Simon Bolivarís fight killed as many people in sparsely
populated America as died during Napoleon Bonopartís wars in densely
populated Europe Ė 1 mln. PeopleĒ.
( 1, page 586)
3. Eclipse dd. 18 April 1605 A.
D..Moonís shadow trajectory went over the southern part of the Indian
Ocean and judging by its passionary drive this Eclipse does not interest
4. Eclipse of 12th October 1605
A. D. is worthy of special attention.
This Eclipse is central, full, the largest phase Ė 1, 023. Ophiuchus
and Supernova star (at the moment of Eclipse) are well seen for regions
Moonís shadow trajectory came
over the southern part of France, over the isles of Corsica, Sardinia,
Sicily, Crete, Cyprus, the Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Turkmenistan.
On the basis of the above said we can suppose that ethnogenesis ex-plosion
in this region began in the 18th century.
Are there any historical evidences of an increase of passionarity
in these regions? Probably, we can refer to them The Great French
Revolu-tion (1789 Ė 1799„.), phenomenon of Napoleon Bonopart, processes
in the Sicily, aggravation of Islamic fundamentalism.
Contemporary investigators of ethnogenesis problem confirm the presence
of high level of passionarity in the regions of Iran and Iraq of those
Vladimir Michurin writes the following in his work ďIran Renaissance
in the light of ethnogenesis theoryĒ that was published in the magazine
ďOur ContemporaryĒ, Ļ 8, 1992, pages 124-128.
ďWhile summing up - it is
necessary to point out the typical characteristics of the increase
phase noticed in Iran in the 19-20th centuries, that were discovered
earlier on the basis of World History study.Ē
1. Appearance of people of new mentality Ė passionaries, the number
of whom grew. And increase in their number was undulatory. They distin-guish
three picks of passionarity Ė 40-s years of 19th century (Babbitish
revolution), the beginning of 19th century (revolutionary events,
estab-lishment of left and Islamic movements) and, at last, Islamic
revolution and the creation of the new, theocratic Iran. (bold type
2.Enlargement of territory of ethnos area noticed in the raising phase
was stopped in the 80-s of 20th century only by means of huge deliveries
of modern armament to Iraq (it is quite possible that Iraq was also
reorgan-ized by means of passionary drive)Ē. (bold type of author)
This work was published also at
the cite ďGumilevicaĒ http://gumilevica.kulichki.net/
Events of our days in the regions of Arabia, Iraq, Iran also certify
the dynamic processes of ethnogenesis. Of course, it is still early
to speak about final conclusions. This question needs additional investigation
5.A supernova star of the year 1572.
Supernova star of 1572 was noticed on the 11th November in the con-stellation
of Cassiopeia. The circumstances of its discovery, described above,
indicate the possible convergence between the true date of flash and
the date of its observance.
In the years 1572 Ė 1574 A. D. there were the following Central Solar
15th January 1572 A. D., 10th
July 1572, 3rd January 1573, 20th May 1574, 13th November 1574.
The Eclipse of 15th January 1572 A. D. Ė is full, central, the greatest
phase Ė1.03. Moonís shadow trajectory came over the Indian Ocean and
that is why this Eclipse presents
no interest for us.
Eclipse of 10th July 1572 A. D. Ė central, circular, the greatest
phase 0-942. Moonís shadow trajectory came over Sakhalin, Primorye,
China, Tibet, India. Cassiopeia constellation in the regions of Eclipse
was over the horizon.
Circumstances of this supernova star observance, given above, make
us question the accuracy of the date of 11th November. Just as an
experi-ment we shall make a supposition that supernova star of 1572
flashed some months earlier. In this case according to our supposition
on super-nova star influence on the ethnosinesis, we can observe the
beginning of passionary drive on (over) the Moonís trajectory vestige
in the 17-18 cen-turies.
What do specialists tell about it?
ďVietnam could have possibly joined the inertia phase but if the
new passionary drive, that took place in 18th century, that resulted
in Teyshons insurrection. Insurrection in Vietnam lasted since 1771
till 1802. Within the same period there were insurrections in China
against Manchurian Yoke in Sichuan, Gansu and Chubae. The first revolutionary
actions in Ti-bet.Ē (bold type of author)
ď Ethnogenesis of the VietnameseĒ.
Michurin V. A., Chistov V. G. Magazine ďNew RussiaĒ Ļ 9 dd. 1999.
Published also at the cite ďGu-milevicaĒ http://gumilevica.kulichki.net/
ďÖRussia birth instead of
Ancient Rus (XIII centure). And in 500 years we notice the phase of
China raising, as well as of Japan, Iran.Ē (bold type of K.S.)
ďLev Gumilev: Space and Humanity.Ē
K. Butusov, candidate of physical Ė and Ė mathematics sciences, V.
Michurin. Magazine ďTermina-torĒ Ļ 4/5 dd. 1995. Published also at
the cite ďGumilevicaĒ http://gumilevica.kulichki.net/
As we can see there is a reference
to ethnogenesis explosion within this period in these regions. Does
the full axis of passionary drive coincide with the trajectory of
Moonís shadow? It is still too early to speak about it. It is for
specialists to do it. Now we can only say that there is ground for
discussions and investigations. As an additional conclusion we can
agree that supernova star flash of 1572 A. D. occurred somewhat earlier
than it is indicated in historical sources.
1. Eclipse of 3rd January 1573 A. D. - central, full, the greatest
phase Ė 1.000. Moonís shadow trajectory came over the Antarctic and
the southern part of the Pacific Ocean. This Eclipse presents no interest
2. Eclipse of 20th of May 1574 A. D., central, full, the greatest
Moonís shadow trajectory came over the southern Atlantic, Southern
Unfortunately, we do not have any historical material on ethnogenesis
explosion in this region in 18th centure.
3. Eclipse of 13th November 1574 A. D. Ė central, circular, the greatest
Moonís shadow trajectory came over Canada, north-east of USA, At-lantic
Let us remind that Tiho Brage
observed this Supernova star until March 1574, and afterwards, as
historians write, it became invisible. Now it is difficult to state,
if its radiation intensity became smaller, or radiation peak moved
from visible area of frequency into the other part of specter. In
any case it would be interesting to get data on passionary drive presence
or absence along this axis in the 18th centure. Besides other
problem set-tlement, it would help to make a supposition on what part
of specter of su-pernova star the starting mechanism of ethnogenesis