According to our suppositions, supernova stars of 1006, 1054, 1181
A. D. could have influenced the starting mechanism of ethnogenisis
explosion of 13th centure with regard for incubation period for
about 150 years. Let us include the supernova star
of 1230 A. D. into this list for more detailed investigation.
Verification of Solar Eclipses within the indicated years and the
years following them showed complete lack of concision of Moonís
shadow tra-jectory with the axis of passionary drive.
Taking into account inaccuracy in dates of observance of supernova
stars, temporary diapason of searching was broadened. Eclipses since
900 till 1600 was verified. It turned out that even within this
period there were no Eclipses with such Moonís shadow trajectory.
It is left to suppose that we deal with complex passionary drive,
that was founded as a result of two Solar Eclipses influence. In
this case it is necessary to follow two condi-tions: -
- regarding time Ė Eclipses should not be more than 1,5-2 years
- Moonís shadow trajectory from these Eclipses should touch or cross
the axis of passionary drive of 13th centure.
- dates of these Eclipses should be not far from the dates of supernova
star flashes indicated at the beginning of the Chapter.
Within the period since 900 till 1600 only one pair of Eclipses
found, that corresponded to these conditions.
These are Eclipses of 4th Sep-tember 1187 A. D. and 24th August
1188 A.D.. Moonís shadow trajectories are shown on the map.
Coincidences are not complete, and if this scheme explains eth-nogenesis
in Lithuania and Rus, than it is quite different with Turkey and
especially with Ethiopia. Coming ahead, we tell that further we
shall get facts explaining that discrepancy. But so far we shall
suppose that within these Eclipses there were starting mechanisms
of two ethnogenesis axises of which come on the Moonís shadow trajectories.
From the list of supernova stars the one of 1181 A. D. is the closest
to this Eclipses from chronological point of view.
It is necessary to move the date of supernova star flash by 6 years
ahead, into the year of 1887 A. D..
Ethnogenesis explosion of 11th
centure A. D..
According to our supposition supernova stars of 872, 902,1006,1054
.D. could have influenced the starting mechanism
of ethnogenesis of 11th centure. According to Gumilev L. N., verification
of Solar Eclipses within these years and the following ones did
not show Moonís trajectories coin-ciding with axis of passionary
drive of 11th centure. Having broadened the searching diapason from
600 A. D. up to 1200 A. D. we got several Eclipses by which Moonís
shadow trajectory goes close to the axis of pas-sionary drive. The
dates of these Eclipses and shadow trajectories are shown on the
According to L. N. Gumilev a passionary drive of 11th centure is
marked on the map by blue color.
2. Eclipse of 30th December 734 A. D., central, circular, the greatest
3. Eclipse of 12th November 1026 A.D., central, circular, the greatest
phase Ė 0.912
4. Eclipse of 22nd September 1066 A. D., central, circular, the
greatest phase Ė 0.984
5. Eclipse of 23rd July 1115 A. D., central, circular, the greatest
phase Ė 1.049.
6. Eclipse of 2nd September 1160 A. D., central, complete, the greatest
phase Ė 1.036.
Let us analyze these Eclipses according to the
degree of coincidence of Moonís shadow trajectory with the axis
of passionary drive, according to the nearness of the date of Eclipse
to the date of supernova star lash and according to the visibility
conditions of supernova star at the moment of Eclipse.
The analysis shows that Eclipse on the 12th of November 1026, marked
on the map under the number 3, most of all corresponds to all the
conditions. Moonís shadow trajectory coincides with the axis of
passion-ary drive almost during all its duration. It is aimless,
probably, to await a more precise coincidence, as L. N. Gumilev,
we suppose, did not intend to give geographical accuracy of drive
trajectory up to a kilometer. Further-wards we mark, that according
to historical measures the date of this Eclipse is not far apart
from the date of supernova star flash in 1006, in the constellation
of Wolf and from the date of supernova star flash in the con-stellation
of Taurus. Analysis show that Wolf constellation at the moment of
this Eclipse was in its zenith for this region and as a consequence
the supernova star would have been seen well. Taurus constellation
was out-side the horizon and a supernova star would not have been
seen well. It means that we can exclude a supernova star of 1054
from our considera-tion that flashed in the Taurus constellation.
But one obstacle is still left. It is how to correspond this Eclipse
and supernova star in the Wolf constella-tion in the time. It is
possible if admit the date of supernova star obser-vance of 1006
to be a faulty one and to replace it by 1026.
As a working conclusion, we can say that Eclipse with Moonís shadow
trajectory close to the axis of passionary drive is found. It is
found in the same 11th centure.
Ethnogenesis of 8th century
Super nova star could have influenced the ethnogenesis
of 8th century along the axis of Spain, France, Southern Norway,
according to our suppo-sition. It is marked by number 5 on the scheme
of chronological confor-mity of super nova star flashes and ethnogenesis
explosions. Verification of Solar Eclipse circumstances and the
year following it did not display Moonís shadow trajectory, coinciding
with passionary drive axis. Broad-ening the field of searching circumstances
of Eclipses since 500 till 1400 A.D. became doubtful. The results
received are shown on the map.
1. Eclipse of 12th April, 758 A.D.
2. Eclipse of 24th March 852 A.D.
3. Eclipse of 24th January 1023 A. D.
4. Eclipse 14th May 1230 A.D.
5. Eclipse 31st January 1310 A.D.
From all the above-mentioned Eclipses the one
of 31st January 1310 A.D. is the most satisfactory concerning Moonís
shadow trajectory coincidence with passionary drive axis.
Chronological divergence of events (Eclipse and passionary drive
acc. to L. N. Gumilev) makes up 6 centuries, if we trust Skaligerís
chronology. The effort to focus on the 8th century result in
the 14th one.
To find some connection between super nova star
flashes and this Eclipse is rather difficult. Verification of the
possibility to observe super nova star (dates are given without
changes) for that region during Eclipse showed that:
- Lupus Constellation (super nova star 1006 A.D.) was behind the
- Taurus Constellation (super nova 1054 A.D.) was higher than horizon.
- Cassiopeia Constellation (super nova 1181 A.D.) was above the
- Hercules Constellation (super nova of 1230 A.D.) was higher than
It allows to exclude the super nova of 1006
A.D. out of our investigation concerning passionary drive.
There is no information on super nova of 668
So far we shall consider these conclusions to
be intermediate. Letís see what the situation in other centuries
Ethnogenesis of 6th century.
Ethnogenesis explosion of 6th century should
be connected with su-per nova star of 393 A.D., marked on the scheme
of chronological con-formity of super nova star flashes with ethnogenesis
explosion number 4. Circumstances of Solar Eclipses since 1 A.D.
till 1500 A.D. were verified to find Moonís shadow trajectory best
coinciding with axis of passionary
drive of 6th century (acc. to L. N. Gumilev).
Axis of passionary drive goes along Arabia, Inda Valley, Tibet,
Northern China, Korea, and Japan.
1. Eclipse of 6th July 316 A.D..
2. Eclipse 5th August 761 A.D..
3. Eclipse 7th April 1000 A.D..
The most suitable is Eclipse 7 of 1000 A.D.
in its trajectory.
Chronological divergence of events makes up 5 centuries if we believe
Skaligerís chronology. The effort to explore 6th century resulted
in 11th century. Letís see what will be later on.
Ethnogenesis of 1st century
Solar Eclipses beginning from 300 B.C. till
1600 A.D. were verified to find Eclipse with needed trajectory.
Eclipse with Moonís trajectory fully coinciding with axis of passionary
drive was not found.
There are proofs of a supposition on a complex passionary drive.
Two So-lar Eclipses were found, located from each other in the distance
of one year; their trajectories go along the axis of passionary
drive. These are Eclipses of 1133 and 1134 A.D.. They are shown
on the map.
Axis of passionary drive is marked with blue
color, L. N. Gumilev dated it back to 1st century A.D..
1. Eclipse of 2nd August 1133 A.D.
2. Eclipse of 23rd July 1134 A.D..
Chronological divergence of dates of Eclipse
and passionary drive makes up 11 centuries, if we trust traditional
An effort to explore 1st century resulted in 12th century
Letís draw intermediate conclusions.
1. Solar Eclipses with suitable trajectory for passionary drives
of 13 and 11th centuries were found in 1187 and 1026 A.D. correspondingly.
Taking into consideration the incubation period from start up of
starting mecha-nism of ethnogenesis till ethnogenesis explosion
(up to 150 years) this re-sult may be considered satisfactory to
confirm our supposition on super nova star influence on ethnogenesis.
And there is no necessity in great changes in traditional chronology.
2. With the help of our method we did three efforts to get into
the depth of centuries earlier than 10th century. All of them led
us to early Middle Ages.
Such a result can cause surprise and non-acceptance.
But we shall not make final conclusions yet. Letís continue our
Following the logic of our supposition on super nova star influence
on ethnogenesis, we think that during Solar Eclipses founded by
us super nova stars were already seen on the sky.
Letís write down the dates of these super nova stars.
1000 A.D., 1026 A.D., 1133 A.D., 1187 A.D., 1310 A.D..
As we know super nova star radiates intensively
within the visible diapa-son up to two years and taking into consideration
the fact that it could have flashed earlier than the year of Eclipse,
we get the diapason of dates for every super nova star.
1. Super nova star of 998 Ė 1000 A.D.
2. Super nova star of 1024 Ė 1026 A.D.
3. Super nova star of 1132 Ė1133 A.D. (two Eclipses
Ė 1133 and 1134 A.D.).
4. Super nova star of 1186 Ė 1187 A.D. (two Eclipses
Ė 1187 and 1188 A.D.).
5. Super nova star of 1308 Ė 1310 A.D.
Letís arrange the super nova stars with these
dates on chronological scale and compare the received scheme with
the scheme of chronological con-formity of super nova star flashes
with ethnogenesis explosion, drawn up by us at the beginning of
Super nova stars according to their dates, received
by us in course of our investigation, marked as 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1,
It is vividly seen on the scheme that just received group of super
nova stars, according to their chronological configuration exactly
coincides with the group of super nova stars 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 (872,
902, 1006, 1054, 1181A.D. correspondingly) on the scale of traditional
For more precision, we shall make calculations of time intervals
between super nova stars in both groups.
Between super nova stars 6 (872) and 7 (902)
- 30 years
6.1(998-1000) and 7.1(1024-1026) - 28-24 years
Between super nova stars 7 and 8 - 104 years
7.1 and 8.1 - 109-106 years
Between super nova stars 8 and 9 - 48 years
8.1 and 9.1 - 55 Ė 53 years
Between super nova stars 9 and 10 - 127 years
9.1 and 10.1 - 121Ė124 years
Between super nova stars 6 and 10 - 309 years
6.1 and 10.1 - 308-312 years
The last calculation shows that time duration
of both groups of super nova stars coincides with precision 99,1
- 99,7 per cent, if we take extreme lim-its of diapason of dates
of super nova stars 6.1 and 10.1. Intermediate vari-ants give coincidences
from 99,4 up to 100 per cent.
The above given scheme and calculations allow to make a conclusion
that we deal with one and the same group of super nova star.
System errors in Skaligerís chronology moved the dates of observance
of super nova star flashes approximately by 128-130 years back.